An anonymous reader quotes Motherboard’s post: This year, the airspace of Ukraine was occupied – this is the nature of war. But scientists in the country are looking up at the sky and seeing something they didn’t expect: an extraordinary number of UFOs, according to a new preprint paper published (PDF) by the Main Astronomical Observatory of Kyiv in coordination with the country’s National Academy of Sciences. The document does not specifically address the war, but in the United States the Pentagon has long hinted, speculated and warned that some UFOs may be advanced technology of foreign militaries, particularly China and Russia (although it has not actually provided any evidence that this is actually the case). . The document on Ukraine is particularly notable in that it not only shows that science continued to occur during the war, but also explains that there were many observations. “We see them everywhere,” the study says. “We observe a significant number of objects whose nature is not clear.”

The document is called Unidentified Aerial Phenomena I. Observations of the events come from observations made at the Main Astronomical Observatory of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus in Kyiv and the village of Vinaravka south of Kyiv. According to the authors of the article, the observatories took on the task of searching for UFOs as an independent project because of the enthusiasm surrounding the topic. It describes a specific type of UFO, which researchers call “phantoms”, which is an “object”. [that] it is a completely black body that emits no radiation and absorbs all the radiation that falls on it.” The researchers also noticed that the UFOs he sees are so fast that they are difficult to photograph. “The eye does not register phenomena that last less than one tenth of a second,” the paper says. “It takes four tenths of a second to recognize an event. Ordinary photos and videos will not be recorded either [unidentified aerial phenomenon]. To detect UAP, you need to fine-tune your hardware: shutter speed, frame rate, and dynamic range.”

So, the researchers did just that, using two meteor monitoring stations in Kyiv and Vinorivka. “We have developed a special method of observation taking into account the high speeds of observed objects,” the newspaper says. “Exposure time was chosen so that during exposure the image of the subject did not shift significantly. The frame rate was chosen taking into account the speed of the subject and the field of view of the camera. In practice, the exposure time was less than 1 ms, and the frame rate was at least 50 Hz.” The scientists divided the observed phenomenon into two different categories: cosmic and phantom. “We note that cosmics are luminous objects that are brighter than the background of the sky. We call these ships after birds (striker, falcon , eagle),” the report said. “Phantoms are dark objects with contrast ranging from a few to about 50 percent.”

Using cameras placed about 75 miles apart allowed scientists to make repeated observations of strange objects moving across the sky. The paper didn’t speculate about what the objects were, just noted the sightings and mentioned the objects’ incredible speeds. “The flights of single, group and squadron ships were recorded, moving at a speed of 3 to 15 degrees per second,” the study says. “Phantoms are observed in the troposphere at distances of up to 10-12 km. We estimate their sizes from 3 to 12 meters and speeds up to 15 km/s.” An easy explanation is rockets, or rockets, or something else related to war. But scientists insist that their nature is “not clear.”

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