Somalia, which elected a new president on Sunday around midnight after a lengthy trial, plunged into chaos after the fall of President Siad Barre’s military regime in 1991.

His ouster was followed by a civil war and the rise of the al-Qaeda-linked Islamist group al-Shabaab, which sought to seize the country before being expelled from the capital, Mogadishu, in 2011.

AFP has been reviewing major developments since then.

– 2011: Al-Shabaab expelled from Mogadishu –

Al-Shabaab is being pushed out of Mogadishu by government forces with the support of the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM).

Islamists retain control of vast rural areas, from which they regularly carry out deadly attacks on the AU and Somali forces.

The Horn of Africa is suffering from a terrible drought, and famine in Somalia has killed 260,000 people, half of them children under the age of six.

– 2012: The new government –

After the adoption of the interim constitution, the new parliament will take the oath.

The international community is officially recognizing the new federal government and allocating billions in aid.

Lawmakers elect former academician Hassan Sheikh Mohammad as president. His term in office is marked by corruption scandals and strife.

– 2013, 2015: Attacks in Kenya –

Al-Shabaab is responsible for the 80-hour siege of Westgate Mall in Nairobi in 2013, which killed at least 67 people.

The jihadists say the attack was retaliation for Nairobi’s military intervention in Somalia in 2011.

Two years later, they also claimed an attack on Kenya’s Harris University College, killing 148 people.

– 2017: The deadliest attack –

In February, Mohammed Abdullah Mohammed, better known as Farmaja, defeats Mohammed’s bid for re-election and is elected president by deputies instructed by clan elders to elect the country’s leader.

In October, a truck loaded with explosives exploded in a busy shopping area of ​​Mogadishu, killing 512 people. Al-Shabaab is blamed for the deadliest attack in Somalia.

– 2020: Chaos in the elections –

Prime Minister Hassan Ali Khair was ousted in a no-confidence vote in parliament in July, officially for failing to hold elections by universal suffrage.

Two months later, Mohamed Hussein Roble was appointed prime minister, and a new election schedule was drawn up.

In December, US President Donald Trump ordered the withdrawal of most of the 700 or so US troops stationed in Somalia to help fight al-Shabaab and other Islamist groups.

– 2021: Political crisis –

Farmajo’s term ends on February 7, but the federal government and regional states cannot agree on a mechanism to elect his successor.

In April, parliament extended his term for two years, sparking shootings in Mogadishu.

In May, Farmajo turned to Robl to help defuse the situation by asking him to organize an election.

But the relationship between the two men is deteriorating sharply. In December, Farmajo fired Robl as prime minister. The prime minister refuses to resign, accusing the president of attempting a “coup”.

– 2022: elections at last –

On January 9, Robl and regional leaders reached an agreement to end the parliamentary election by February 25, but voting was postponed several times.

On March 31, the UN Security Council voted to replace AMISOM with ATMIS (AU Transitional Mission in Somalia) to help Somali forces take primary responsibility for security by the end of 2024.

In late April, the speakers of the two chambers of parliament were finally named.

Shortly afterwards, the presidential election is scheduled for May 15.

After a marathon vote by lawmakers lasting three rounds, Hassan Sheikh Mohamud was elected president, becoming Somalia’s first leader to win a second term.

Source by [author_name]

Previous articleThe junta of Mali says the West-backed military has attempted a coup – SABC News
Next articleThe ECB will raise the deposit rate by 25 bp. in July, abandoning negative rates until the end of September – SABC News