Sri Lanka, whose prime minister Mahinda Rajapaksa resigned on Monday, has been in a deep political and economic crisis for the past two months.

The island nation with a population of 22 million is experiencing an acute shortage of food, fuel and other necessities, a crisis that has led to widespread grief and sparked weeks of mass demonstrations.

The South Asian country withdrew from a devastating civil war in 2009 only to be rocked by Islamist bombings in 2019, and the following year was hit hard by the Covid-19 pandemic that torpedoed its vital tourism sector.

Here is how the crisis unfolded:

– March 31: under threat of the President’s house –

Hundreds of protesters gathered by unknown social media activists are trying to storm the house of President Gotabai Rajapaksa, demanding his resignation.

– April 1: state of emergency –

As the protests spread, Rajapaksa declared a state of emergency, giving security forces broad powers to arrest and detain suspects.

– April 2: troops deployed, curfew –

Sri Lanka announces a 36-hour curfew across the country and deploys troops.

– April 3: Cabinet resigns –

Nearly the entire Sri Lankan cabinet resigned late in the evening, leaving Rajapaksa and his brother Mahinda, the prime minister, isolated.

– April 4: more behind –

Gotabaya Rajapaksa offers to share power with the opposition led by the unity administration led by him and Mahinda, but is refused.

The governor of the central bank, resisting calls to seek help from the International Monetary Fund, announced his resignation.

– April 5: President loses majority –

President Rajapaksa’s problems are deepening as Finance Minister Ali Sabri resigns just a day after he was appointed.

The leader, who is in dire straits, is losing his parliamentary majority as former allies call on him to resign. It lifts the state of emergency.

– April 9: the biggest street protest –

Tens of thousands are coming to the president’s office in protest of the largest protest to date demanding Rajapaksa’s resignation.

– April 10: lack of drugs –

Sri Lankan doctors say they have almost run out of rescue drugs, warning that the crisis could kill more than a coronavirus pandemic.

– April 12: foreign debt default –

The country says it defaults on $ 51 billion in foreign debt as a “last resort” after foreign exchange for imports of desperately needed goods ran out.

– April 18: new government –

On April 18, the president opens a new government, removing two of his brothers and nephews but leaving his older brother, Mahinda, as prime minister.

– April 19: first victim –

On April 19, police killed a protester who became the first victim in several weeks of anti-government protests.

The next day, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) said it had asked Sri Lanka to restructure its colossal foreign debt before a bailout package could be agreed.

– April 28: general strikes –

On April 28, a general strike brought the country to a standstill.

After the second such strike on May 6, Rajapaksa imposed another state of emergency. Police are stepping up security around MPs from the ruling party.

– May 9: Prime Minister resigns –

On May 9, Mahinda Rajapaksa resigned as prime minister after fierce clashes between his supporters and anti-government protesters, killing three and injuring more than 150.

An MP from the ruling party shot dead two anti-government protesters, killing one and then committing suicide during a confrontation outside the capital.

Authorities are announcing a nationwide curfew.

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